Knee pain may be caused by many different factors. These factors include old age, athletic activities, and injuries due to trauma or accident. Torn ligaments and meniscus, as well as tendinitis, are the common injury and trauma-related causes of knee pain.
Regardless of the cause, it is crucial to know how to treat knee pain the proper way.
But prior to treatment, it is vital to detect the cause of your knee pain. Only then it’s possible to determine how to treat knee pain.
How To Treat Knee Pain With Medications
Depending on your case, your doctor may advise you with various ways on how to treat knee pain. The easiest and most common method to treat it, though, is through oral and topical medication. Here are some medications that are well-known to effectively ease knee pain:
Analgesics are widely-used medications that help reduce pain, but do not have any effect to inflamed parts. Paracetamol and acetaminophen (Tylenol) are the most common examples that are normally well-tolerated by most. However, like any other drugs, these medications may cause negative side effects to others.
Like Analgesics, NSAIDS or Nonsteroidal Anti-Inflammatory Drugs can effectively alleviate pain. In addition, they can treat inflammation as well. Examples of NSAIDs include Ibuprofen, Naproxen, Diclofenac, and Acetylsalicylic Acid.
- Topical Creams and Ointments.
NSAIDs in cream or ointment form are also widely used to treat or lessen knee pain. They are much safer compared to oral NSAIDs, since the latter can have effects on the gastrointestinal area. If you are using topical NSAIDs, you must refrain to take any NSAIDs orally, since the cream or ointment can still get into your system.
Other Knee Pain Treatment Methods
In order to make your knee more stable, your doctor may suggest strengthening the surrounding muscles through physical therapy. Focusing on the quadriceps and hamstrings can greatly improve the condition of your knee. Doing balancing exercises can also contribute to the improvement of your knee.
Alternatively, if therapy is not enough to help relieve your knee pain, you may ask your doctor for braces and orthotics. There are various types of knee braces that can help support the knee and protect it from further damage.
If your knee pain is caused by injury, your doctor may require you to go through surgery. Knee surgeries come in three major types: arthroscopic surgery, partial knee replacement, and total or complete knee replacement.
Now that you know how to treat knee pain, you may take advantage of that knowledge and talk to your doctor about your options and the possible pros and cons of each.